The Great Learning

The extension of knowledge lay in the investigation of things.

For only when things are investigated is knowledge extended;

only when knowledge is extended are intentions sincere;

only when intentions are sincere are hearts and minds rectified;

only when hearts and minds are rectified are personal lives cultivated;

only when personal lives are cultivated are families regulated;

only when families are regulated are states governed;

only when states are governed is there peace …

All, without exception, must take self-­cultivation as the root.


Master K’ung (Confucius)
Zēng Shēn


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